CMP test (comprehensive metabolic panel) checks different aspects of health by making 14 vital measurements. The CMP tests analyze the nutrient levels, kidney function, and liver function. This is the reason the CMP tests panel is a part of several other panels as it provides a very detailed analysis of different aspects of health. Labwork360 provides CMP tests in Houston as well as all other types of medical diagnostic tests, and mobile phlebotomy services for them. The CMP tests help diagnose a wide range of health problems affecting kidney and liver health, nutrient balance, and blood sugar. This test enables screening, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of many health problems. Moreover, the CMP tests serve to screen for the disease, that is, they detect the health problem before the onset of symptoms. This helps in the diagnosis of diseases that persist silently; such diseases continue to affect the body without showing any symptoms. The CMP tests also help monitor the side effects of many medications, particularly the ones that may affect the kidney or liver. Other tests are also used in addition to the CMP tests for diagnosing liver and kidney diseases. The CMP tests use blood specimens so they are low-risk and sample collection only takes a few minutes.
Results The results of the tests in the CMP panel depend on the health history, age, method for testing, and gender of the individual being tested.
How to prepare for the CMP Tests?
The CMP tests do not require specific preparation. But before the test, it is necessary to inform the doctor about the intake of any prescription or non-prescription medicines or supplements as certain medicines may alter the results of the tests.
CMP Panel Includes 14 Different Measurements –
The cmp test in houston makes a diagnosis by making 14 different types of measurements. The protein tests comprise the albumin test and the total protein test. The electrolytes panel has tests for sodium, potassium, and bicarbonates.
CMP Tests in houston –
What do they measure? The following compounds: nutrients, minerals, enzymes, and waste products are measured in the CMP tests. Glucose The cmp test in houston panel measures the glucose level. Glucose is a classification of compounds. Generally, the body stores energy in the form of glucose compounds. These glucose molecules attach to the blood cells. The glucose present in the blood cells is referred to as blood sugar. The blood sugar level tends to increase with metabolic issues, such as diabetes. The primary purpose of the glucose molecules is to store and release energy, so it is present abundantly in the body. Glucose is the main source of energy for the brain too. Any change in glucose levels may signify a health problem. Calcium cmp test in houston also measures calcium levels. Calcium is a vital mineral required for multifarious purposes in the body. This nutrient is necessary for the health of the bones, the function of muscles, the nervous system, and cardiovascular health. Primarily, calcium comes from dietary sources. But in the situation of calcium deficiency, the body starts to extract calcium from the bones. This makes the bones weak and causes osteoporosis. So, normal levels of calcium in the blood do not always mean the presence of sufficient calcium in the body. Sodium Sodium is also an essential electrolyte. Electrolytes are minerals that have an electric charge. The materials generate electricity upon dissolving in water. Electrolytes are important because several functions in the body require electric current, which is provided by the electrolytes. Electrolytes are present in several fluids of the body, such as sweat, urine, and blood. Several tissues contain them and they tend to interact with cells in the muscles, nerves, and tissues. Sodium is one of the three key electrolytes in the body, the others being, chloride, and potassium. Sodium maintains the acid-base balance and facilitates the function of the nerve and muscles. Kidneys have a vital role in maintaining the amount of sodium in the body. Moreover, the kidneys maintain the level of several other essential materials, such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium, and renal problems may cause abnormality in their levels. Electrolytes are essential for maintaining the balance of water in the body, as well as the acid-base balance, that determines the pH level. The main source of electrolytes is the consumed food, particularly fruits and vegetables. A low count of electrolytes impairs several functions, such as muscle contraction, fluid regulation, acid balance, and blood clotting. Deficiency or excess of electrolytes manifests symptoms such as cramps, seizures, irregular heartbeat, and dizziness. Electrolytes also regulate the heartbeat. Potassium CMP measures potassium. Potassium is an essential electrolyte present in every tissue of the body. The main source of potassium is food, and the kidneys have an important role in measuring potassium levels. The potassium test is a specific diagnostic test for measuring the potassium levels in the body. Chloride Chloride is also one of the electrolytes in the body essential for the bones, teeth, and several other organs and functions. Chloride functions together with potassium, sodium, and bicarbonates to carry out several functions in the body. This mineral has an essential role in the regulation of blood pressure, pH, and blood volume of bodily fluids. It also helps maintain the balance of bases and acids in the body. Bicarbonate Bicarbonate levels help determine the quantity of carbon dioxide in the blood. It is also one of the electrolytes in the body. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Urea nitrogen is waste material that the kidneys remove from the blood. Bilirubin Bilirubin is a waste material produced as a byproduct during the red blood cells (RBCs) breakdown. The liver has a main role in removing bilirubin from the blood. Thus, the bilirubin level in the body indicates whether the liver is functioning properly. cmp test in houston can Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) AST is an enzyme present in several tissues of the body and the liver too. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) ALT enzyme is mainly present in the liver. Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) ALP enzyme is present in tissues across the body. ALP enzyme has several significant functions. This enzyme is necessary for many biological processes, and it mainly exists in the bones and the liver. Creatinine Creatinine is a product of muscle activity. It is a waste material that the kidneys filter out from the blood. Abnormal levels of creatinine can be a sign of a kidney problem too. Total Protein Total protein measures the total globulins and albumin present in the body. Albumin and globulins are also proteins that are essential for immune function and blood vessels. Albumin Albumin is a protein synthesized by the liver. This protein carries essential materials across the body and restrains the fluid leakage from the blood vessels. When should you get the cmp tests in houston(Comprehensive Metabolic Panel)? CMP tests are essential for the diagnosis of several health abnormalities, such as for diagnosing problems that affect the metabolism, liver, or kidney. Moreover, the CMP tests help diagnose general health problems such as fatigue. CMP panel is a part of routine health examinations, such as routine check-ups. Moreover, the cmp tests in houston generally follow other diagnostic tests to help confirm the initial findings. Just as other diagnostic tests, CMP helps monitor the effectiveness of a treatment or medication. Specifically, physicians recommend this test to analyze how a new medication affects the function of the liver or kidney to ensure the healthy functioning of these organs.